Migration of the Appleby Family

The Appleby name is believed to have come from Southern Denmark and imported into Britain by the Danish Vikings. One of the earliest records dates back to the twelfth century when a Vlf (?) de Appeli was recorded in the "Pipe Rolls" in 1163. In 1204 Hugh de Apelby was listed in the "Pleas before the King or Justice" between 1198 and 1202 in Yorkshire. Thomas Appleby was mentioned in the "Assize Rolls" in London in the year 1366 and in 1372 Jon de Appleby was the Bishop of Carlisle during the reign of Richard II. The family name is believed to be descended originally from the Strathclyde Britons being a mix of Gaelic/Celts whose original territories ranged from Lancashire in the south, northward to the south bank of the River Clyde in Scotland. From the town of Appleby in Westmoreland they branched to Kirklinton in Westmoreland and to Askerton in Cumberland. By the 13th Century they had branched south to Lartington and Linton in Yorkshire. One notable branch was Sir Henry de Appleby and Sir Edward Appleby. A later Sir Henry branched to Staffordshire about the year 1300. Elizabeth, the heiress of Ralph Appleby of Linton carried these estates with her in her marriage to Francis Trappers Berdard of Nidd. Robert Appleby of Byker, Northumberland branched to the Town of Yarm and later Thornaby-on-Tees in North Yorkshire and bought the Manor of Thornaby in 1567 from Christopher and George de Thornaby. In 1569 Robert’s son Ralph Appleby inherited the manor and lands of Thornaby-on-Tees and sold to Phillip Lord Wharton in 1611. In 1617 Lawrence Meynell aquired the Manor and lands. This was the culmination of a Land dispute on Tithes that lasted of over 50 years between the Maynell and Appleby families. Records of this dispute are recorded in the Maynell Archives and form the basis of the early Thornaby Manorial Records. The Appleby’s later branched into Leicestershire. Notable amongst the family at this time was Sir Henry de Appleby. At this point the reader should note that most ancestors worked on the land as agricultural labourers. Before the 13th Century, surnames were only for the upper classes. A law passed by Edward I (1272 – 1307) gave families a strong reason to have surnames passed down from father to son, instead of a new one being invented for each person. With the introduction of surnames, the lower classes often took the name of their Lord of the Manor or alternatively from the place they were born or the occupation they followed. Even the poor peasants acquired surnames especially after Richard II imposed an unpopular law in 1381 requiring everyone to pay four pence tax. Again people used surnames to identify themselves so that it would be recorded that they and not someone else had paid the tax. By 1400 almost everybody had a given name and the fathers surname. For examples of early records of the Appleby name in Yorkshire, see listing of York Minster Database for the Appleby name on this Web Site.

Between 1650 and 1700 grants of land were provided to Protestants to relocate from Scotland to Northern Ireland, providing the people remained Protestant. Some Appleby members did relocate to Northern Ireland and descendants can be found there today. Others ventured to the North America. Notable of these were, William Apleby who settled in Virginia in 1623, Robert Appleby who settled in Nova Scotia in 1774, John Appleby who settled in Virginia in 1652, William Appleby who settled in Virginia in 1645 and Joseph Appleby who settled in Antigua in 1729. Yet more migrated to Australia.

The most unusual migration was a Charles Appleby and wife Sarah who were living in St. Petersburg in Russia in the year of 1832. His daughter Marianne Emily Appleby was christened in the British Chaplaincy in St. Petersburg, Russia on the 1 September 1832.

There was also a marriage of an Anthony Appleby to Ann English in the English Episcopal Church in Rotterdam in Holland on the 25 October 1772 and a marriage of Augusta Appleby to Henry Lancaster at the British Embassy Chapel in Paris on the 6 October 1842. Also Andrew Thomas Appleby married Susan Jane Keiffer in Germany in 1854. It would be interesting to find descendants of these people.

My Appleby Family originated in Kirkby Malzeard, Yorkshire with Henry Appleby who married Mary Lister on 12th June 1687. Their son William Appleby was born 28 June 1690 in KM. William married Beatrice Dallow on 28th July 1712 at KM. William and Beatrice son William was born 14 May 1734 at KM and he married Ann Bearpark of Wensley. The marriage took place on 31 January 1758 at KM. Their son Robert Appleby was born 2 April 1777 at Kirkby Malzeard. Robert married Mary Liddle of South Shields at Eryholme on the 13 May 1811. Their son Anthony Appleby was born 14 August 1814 at Eryholme. Anthony married Eleanor Newton of Bishop Auckland on the 13 May 1836 at St. Peters Church on Thornaby Green. So we are back to Thornaby again, how strange .....




(c) Colin Appleby 29th August 2006